Location Marking Particles


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Two location marking particles:
에
에서
어디 = where
Lets look at how to ask someone “where do you want to go?”
to go = 가다
to want to = -고 싶어요
가다 + -고 싶어요 = 가고 싶어요 = I want to go
And 가고 싶어요? could mean do you want to go?
Now just add the word 어디 in front of the verb: 어디 가고 싶어요? = where do you want to go?
It is possible to make sentences without location marking particles, but by using location marking particles, they will make your message very clear.
에 = at, to
- 에 is a location marking particle but it is not only used to mark locations. It means “at” and “to” and it can be used to mark a location, a time, a situation, and many other things.
example 1)
Lets say: “I went to school”
- to go = 가다
- I went = 가 + 았어요 = 갔어요
- school = 학교
- to = 에
“I went to school” = 하교에 갔어요
example 2)
Lets say: “I came to Korea”
- to come = 오다
- I came = 오 + 았어요 = 왔어요
- Korea = 한국
- to = 에
“I came to Korea” = 한국에 왔어요
example 3)
Lets say: “where are you?”
- to be = 있다
- are you = 있어요
- where = 어디
- at = 에
“Where are you?” = 어디에 있어요?
지금 어디에 있어요? = where are you now?
어디에 있어요 지금? = where are you now?
에서 = at, in, from
noun + 에서
에서 can express many things, but lets look at its main roles:
에서 expresses:
a location where an action is taking place
ex: I studied at the library / I meet my friends in Seoul.
The meaning of “from” a place
The difference between 에 and 에서:
- While they both translate into “at” in English, 에 expresses a location where something “is” or “exists” or a direction you are going toward.
- ex) 집에 있어요 = I am at home
집에 가요 = I’m going home
- 에서 expresses a location where some action is taking place
- ex) 집에서 일해요 = I work at home
집에서 뭐해요? = What are you doing at home?


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