Two location marking particles: 에 에서 어디 = where Lets look at how to ask someone “where do you want to go?” to go = 가다 to want to = -고 싶어요 가다 + -고 싶어요 = 가고 싶어요 = I want to go And 가고 싶어요? could mean do you want to go? Now just add the word 어디 in front of the verb: 어디 가고 싶어요? = where do you want to go? It is possible to make sentences without location marking particles, but by using location marking particles, they will make your message very clear. 에 = at, to - 에 is a location marking particle but it is not only used to mark locations. It means “at” and “to” and it can be used to mark a location, a time, a situation, and many other things. example 1) Lets say: “I went to school” - to go = 가다 - I went = 가 + 았어요 = 갔어요 - school = 학교 - to = 에 “I went to school” = 하교에 갔어요 example 2) Lets say: “I came to Korea” - to come = 오다 - I came = 오 + 았어요 = 왔어요 - Korea = 한국 - to = 에 “I came to Korea” = 한국에 왔어요 example 3) Lets say: “where are you?” - to be = 있다 - are you = 있어요 - where = 어디 - at = 에 “Where are you?” = 어디에 있어요? 지금 어디에 있어요? = where are you now? 어디에 있어요 지금? = where are you now? 에서 = at, in, from noun + 에서 에서 can express many things, but lets look at its main roles: 에서 expresses: a location where an action is taking place ex: I studied at the library / I meet my friends in Seoul. The meaning of “from” a place The difference between 에 and 에서: - While they both translate into “at” in English, 에 expresses a location where something “is” or “exists” or a direction you are going toward. - ex) 집에 있어요 = I am at home 집에 가요 = I’m going home - 에서 expresses a location where some action is taking place - ex) 집에서 일해요 = I work at home 집에서 뭐해요? = What are you doing at home?
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